Complete Medical Guide on Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is also known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. It happens when the functionality of the lower esophageal sphincter is not proper. A person suffers from the problem of acid reflux when acid present inside the stomach leaks up into the gullet (oesophagus). As the stomach acid rises up into the esophagus, it becomes irritated or inflamed.  It can be extremely painful and linger on and on. There are many people who suffer from this disease.

What is acid reflux?

Acid reflux happens when the tube through which food travels from the throat to stomach is not strong enough to handle the acid present inside the stomach. The digestion of food inside the stomach is done the help of an acid produced and stored by it. The walls surrounding the stomach are built strong enough to store that acid without causing damage. But when the acid flows back into the oesophagus from stomach it causes heartburn and other symptoms associated with acid reflux.
According to a 2011 Norwegian study, it has been found that in most of the industrial nations, the number of acid reflux cases has risen by more than 50% in recent times. For instance, in the US only, 25%-40% of the adult population suffers from acid reflux. Not just adults, even infants and children also suffer from this health problem.

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What causes acid reflux?

Acid reflux can happen due to a number of causes. Here are some of the common causes:

Hiatus hernia: One main reason behind the problem of acid reflux disease is a kind of stomach abnormality known as hiatus hernia. This happens when the stomach pokes through the diaphragm, thus preventing the muscle fibers of the diaphragm from closing the lower end of the oesophagus. With the oesophagus being wide open, stomach acid easily gets into the oesophagus and thus causing symptoms of acid reflux disease. This kind of stomach abnormality is very common in people above 50 years.

Overweight: When a person is overweight, the excessive fat present in the abdominal cavity increases the amount of pressure inside it. This makes the contents inside the stomach to travel up into the gullet and this causing acid reflux.

Pregnancy: During the third trimester of a pregnancy, it is very common for females to suffer from acid reflux. This happened as the uterus increases in size and the pressure from the growing fetus. This leads to high pressure inside the stomach causing acid reflux. At the same time, hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy also causes acid reflux. In most of the cases, the various symptoms of acid reflux disappear after delivery.

Smoking: When a person smokes excessively, the tobacco present in the cigarette prevents the oesophagus sphincter from functioning properly, and increases the production of stomach acid. At the same time smoking also damages mucus membranes, reduces the production of saliva that help in neutralizing the effect of acid and slows down the process of digestion.

Eating habits: People suffer from the symptoms of acid reflux where the stomach is stretched more by food. The problem can become worse after consuming fatty meals as fat delays gastric emptying. It is better to avoid large rich meals, particularly in the evening and to have four to five smaller meals throughout the day. At the same time one must avoid snacking close to bedtime or lying down right after a meal.

Certain food items: There are certain foods that can trigger the symptoms of acid reflux. Such kind of food items are alcohol, carbonated beverages, chocolate, citrus fruit juice, peppermint, coffee, fried snacks, tomato, garlic, onion, and extremely spicy food items. All these food items prevent the oesophagus sphincter from working properly.

Certain health problems: People suffering from constipation, asthma and high blood pressure can have the symptoms of acid reflux. Constipation increases the tendency to reflux by raising pressure inside the stomach cavity. The coughing and sneezing associated with asthmatic attacks can cause changes in the chest which trigger acid reflux.

Peptic ulcers and insufficient digestive enzymes: Suffering from peptic ulcers and not having enough digestive enzymes inside the stomach will slow down the process of digestion. This will ultimately cause accumulation of gastric acids that back up into the esophagus.

Certain medications: Taking aspirin, ibuprofen, certain muscle relaxants or certain blood pressure medication can also cause acid reflux. Some of the drugs that can cause acid reflux are anti-cholinergics used for treating seasickness, beta blockers used in the treatment of heart disease, bronchodilator used in the treatment of asthma and sedatives used in the treatment of anxiety.

What are the symptoms of acid reflux?

The symptoms of acid reflux can be broadly divided into two categories – common and less common.

Some of the common symptoms associated with acid reflux are:

  • Regularly having a feeling that something is there in the food pipe
  • Persistent heartburn or discomfort felt behind the breastbone
  • As a part of the heartburn sensation having slight chest pain on regular basis
  • Having the feeling of nausea or vomiting after eating a meal
  • Regurgitation which means bitter acid backing up into the throat or mouth while sleeping or bending over

Some of the less common symptoms associated with acid reflux are:

  • Having a bitter or sour taste inside the mouth
  • Hoarseness especially during the morning time
  • Dry cough
  • Having difficulty in swallowing liquid as well as solid food
  • Hiccups that do not let up
  • Feeling of tightness inside the throat
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Upper abdominal pain and discomfort

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If the above mentioned occurs once in a while then it is not a matter of concern. But when it happens on a regular basis over a period of 2 to 3 times in a week and there is no relief even after taking medicines, then you need to see a doctor immediately.

How is acid reflux disease diagnosed?

Symptoms such as regular heartburn are the key to the diagnosis of acid reflux disease. First of all you need to make some lifestyle changes, try some antacids or acid-blocking medications to reduce the symptom of heartburn. If things do not get better, you need to see a gastroenterologist who will carry out different tests to confirm a diagnosis. Some of the common tests prescribed by gastroenterologist are:

  • Barium swallow test which is done to check for ulcers or a narrowing of the oesophagus. Here a patient is asked to swallow a liquid solution first and then with the help of X-ray internal images of the oesophagus are taken for further study.
  • Continuous esophageal pH monitoring is also done to check for the presence of acid in the oesophagus. This test is done by inserting a device into the oesophagus for at least 24 hours. The tube monitors episodes of acid reflux over the day and while you sleep.
  • Esophageal manometry test can also be prescribed by the doctor. This test is done to check the motor function of the esophagus and the function of lower esophageal sphincter. In this kind of test, a tube is passed down your throat until it reaches the esophagus. This test is often recommended for complicated cases.
  • Endoscopy is also done to check for problems in oesophagus or stomach. To do this test, a long, flexible lighted tube with a camera on the end is inserted down the throat. The tube is then passed into the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine of a person. With this test, a doctor can have a clear picture of the condition of esophagus and stomach.
  • A biopsy may be taken during endoscopy to check samples of tissue under a microscope for infection or other abnormalities.

It is important to remember that the above mentioned tests are only advised if symptoms are severe, or do not improve with simple treatments.

What are the treatment options for acid reflux?

The treatment options for acid reflux include lifestyle changes, over-the-counter medications, prescribed medications as well as surgery.

Diet and lifestyles changes:

Slight changes in the lifestyle and diet are the most effective way to reduce or even eliminate the various symptoms associated with acid reflux. Here are some tips to do that:

  • Try to lose some weight if you are overweight as excess weight puts pressure on the abdomen.
  • Control your intake of tea, caffeine and other acidic beverages.
  • Stop eating foods and drinks that trigger heartburn. For instance do not eat fried foods or spicy foods as it can make your condition worse.
  • It is recommended to wear loose-fitting clothes to reduce pressure on the abdomen and the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • Avoid bending over for long periods soon after eating.
  • Eat your dinner at least two hours before going to bed.
  • Elevate the head of the bed about four to six inches.
  • Totally stop smoking as smoking will not allow the lower esophageal sphincter to function properly.
  • Eat smaller meals more frequently throughout the day. But avoid overeating by eating smaller meals.
  • Don’t lie down right after eating at any time of day. During daytime try to sleep in a chair.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption as it increases the likelihood that acid from your stomach will back up.
  • Try to maintain a good posture by standing upright or sitting up straight. This will help food and acid pass through the stomach instead of backing up into the esophagus.
  • Exercising is always helpful for staying healthy. So cardio exercise to get some relief from acid reflux symptoms.

Over the Counter Medications:

There are many over the counter medicines that can help in reducing the stomach acid. Some of the popular over the counter medicines are:

  • Antacids such as Rolaids, Gaviscon, Mylanta, Gelusil, Maalox, Gastrocote and Tums help in neutralizing stomach acid and offer quick relief from heartburn, sour stomach, acid indigestion, and stomach upset. Antacids are available in tablet as well as liquid form. If you are using the tablets, chew them well before swallowing for faster relief. Take antacids as directed by your doctor, or according to the manufacturer’s directions. But one must not over use antacids as can cause various side effects like diarrhea, stomach cramps or constipation.
  • There are certain over the counter medicines that can help in reducing acid production. Such medicines are known as H-2-receptor blockers. Some of the popular medicines in this category are Tagamet HB, Pepcid AC, Axid AR or Zantac 25, Zantac 75 and Zantac 150. The effect of these medicines is slow but they provide longer relief. These medicines should be taken about 30 minutes before a meal or bedtime. Side-effects include dizziness, diarrhea and headache.
  • There are also over the counter medicines that help in blocking acid production and healing the esophagus. Such medicines are known as proton pump inhibitors. Some of the popular medicines in this category are Prevacid 24 HR, Prilosec OTC and Zegerid. Take these drugs according to the directions on the package or as advised by your doctor.

All these medicines can give you quick relied buy if you do not get relief from the symptoms of acid reflux after two weeks; you need to see a doctor.

Prescribed Medications

To treat the problem of acid reflux, doctors may also suggest other stong medications, such as:

  • There are some stong H-2-receptor blockers that can help a lot. Some of the popular medicines in this category are Tagamet, Pepcid, Axid and Zantac. It is better to take H2 blockers half an hour before meals. They can also be taken at bedtime to reduce the production of acid during night. Side effects include abdominal pain, headache, nausea, runny nose, gas and sore throat.
  • There are some stong proton pump inhibitors also to treat the various symptoms of acid reflux. Some of the popular medicines in this category are Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix, Aciphex and Dexilant. It is recommended to take these medicines an hour before meals. Side effects of these medicines are constipation, nausea, headache, abdominal pain, and gas.
  • Medications known as Prokinetics are also used to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter. These medications help in tightening the valve located between the stomach and the esophagus. Some of the popular medicines are domperidone and metoclopramide. However these medications have certain side effects like fatigue, anxiety and depression.

One major side effect of these medications is that it may lead to bone loss and increase the risk of a bone fracture. This is why it is very essential to take a calcium supplement along with these medicines to reduce these risks.


Even after trying different types of over the counter medicines as well as prescribed medications, if there is no relief from the symptoms of acid reflux disease then surgery is the last hope.

  • A surgery to ‘tighten’ the lower esophageal sphincter can be done to prevent acid to leak up from the stomach. This surgery is perfect for people whose quality of life remains significantly affected by the various symptoms of acid reflux. This type of surgery can be both open and laparoscopic. In open surgery, a long incision in the abdomen is made by the surgeon. In laparoscopic surgery, three or four small incisions in the abdomen are made through which instruments are inserted.
  • A surgery can also be done to create a barrier preventing the backup of stomach acid. A device known as Esophyx is inserted inside the stomach via the mouth. Esophyx folds the tissue at the base of the stomach near the sphincter valve, to stop the stomach acid from entering the esophagus.
  • Another kind of surgery to form scar tissue in the esophagus can also be done. Here electrode energy is used to heat the esophageal tissue. The heat creates scar tissue and damages the nerves responsible for responding to refluxed acid. This procedure is done only as a last resort for treatment of acid reflux disease when other forms of treatment are not successful.

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Home Remedies for Acid Reflux:

If you are having the symptoms of acid reflux disease then you must try some of home remedies. The best part about home remedies is that you need to use easily available ingredients from your kitchen. You can get relief from the symptoms and that too without worrying about the side effects.

For instance you can try Aloe vera. The juice of aloe vera aids in digestion and can give you relief from acid reflux symptoms. Mix one part of aloe vera juice with two part of water and drink it as soon you start having the acid reflux symptoms.

Another simple and easy home remedy is to use apple cider vinegar. Add one teaspoon of this vinegar to half cup of water and sip it while eating your food. At the same time ginger root can also be used to soothe stomach ailments for quite some time now. This herb absorbs stomach acid.

Chewing gum is another quick remedy for acid reflux. It increases saliva which is a natural antacid. Saliva production can settle the stomach and reduce the amount of acid being produced.

Those suffering from acid reflux, must also include fruits like banana, apple, pineapple and papaya along with vegetables like carrots and cabbage in their diet plan. All these fruits and vegetable have certain elements that can help in controlling the symptoms of acid reflux.

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Complications from acid reflux

If acid reflux is not treated properly, it can give rise to various other health complications, such as:

  • It can cause stricture which means scarring and narrowing (a stricture) of the lower oesophagus. This complication is uncommon but can happen in case of severe and long-standing inflammation.
  • It can also cause Barrett’s oesophagus in which the cells that line the lower oesophagus become changed. The changed cells can even become cancerous.
  • It can also cause cancer. Those suffering from acid reflux for a long time are at a higher risk of developing cancer of the oesophagus.


Although acid reflux is a very common health problem and rarely serious, you must not ignore the symptoms of acid reflux. If not treated on time, acid reflux can even cause other severe health complications.

A Simple and Complete Guide on Dandruff

Dandruff is a very common type of scalp problem that many people suffer from. In fact, up to one-third of the U.S. population is affected by this condition. It is a kind of scalp irritation that is more of a cosmetic problem as compared to a medical health problem. Here dead skin cells from the scalp start shedding at a rapid speed which is very noticeable.

What is dandruff?

Medical professionals and dermatologists commonly refer to dandruff as seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis. It is a natural and harmless scalp condition in which the shedding of dead skin cells occurs at an unusually fast rate. This chronic scalp condition comes and goes. It may disappear or be less severe in the warmer months and the condition may become worse during the winter days.

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Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition that can be caused by a number of factors, such as:

  • Excessive sebaceous or oil gland secretions from the skin
  • The fungus Malassezia furfur is also responsible for dandruff
  • Allergic reaction to chemicals in hair oils, cream or gel
  • Consumption of too much oily foods may also trigger the production of dandruff
  • Stress may also be reason behind dandruff problem
  • Dry skin due to cold air and overheated rooms can also cause the problem of dandruff
  • Poor hygiene as well as infrequent washing or shampooing your hair can also cause dandruff
  • Excessive use of hair spray and gels and hair-coloring chemicals as well as use of electric hair curlers or blow dryers can also cause dandruff

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Risk factors for dandruff:

Almost anyone can have dandruff, but there are certain factors that can make you more susceptible to dandruff:

  • Any kind of other chronic health conditions can also cause extreme or severe cases of dandruff.
  • Dandruff probably has a small hereditary component making it more common to run in families.
  • Men suffer from the problem of dandruff more as compared to females. This is because male hormones play a key role in dandruff.
  • Those having oily hair and scalp are also more prone to dandruff.
  • In case your diet lacks foods high in zinc, B vitamins or certain types of fats, then also you are more likely to have dandruff.

Remember that dandruff is not a fungal infection and at the same time it is not contagious.

Common symptoms of dandruff:

Dandruff can be noticed anywhere on the body having any type of hair follicles. Typically it is found on the scalp, ears, face, and middle of the chest.

  • Flaking of dead skin cells from the scalp
  • Itchiness of the scalp
  • Scaling on the scalp
  • Redness of the skin on scalp
  • White oily dead skin flakes dotting the hair and shoulders
  • Dry facial skin

These symptoms of dandruff become worse during the winter days.


Dandruff is easy to diagnose. In most cases, it can be easily self-diagnosed without the aid of a doctor as the symptoms are quite visible. Also it usually does not require medical treatment but if the condition becomes worse, you need to see your doctor.

Self Care at Home:

Mild dandruff cases can be easily taken care of at home:

  • Regularly use of an anti-dandruff shampoo to wash your hair in order to control dandruff. Those having oily scalp, must shampoo their hair daily.
  • When you shampoo your hair, try to massage the scalp vigorously with the help of your finger tips so that you can loosen the flakes and wash them off.
  • Also rinse your hair thoroughly after using a shampoo, as shampoo build up can make the condition of your dandruff worse.
  • Avoid exposing your scalp to excessive heat from hair dryer, blow dryers and so on. Instead allow your hair to dry naturally.
  • As stress can trigger this chronic scalp condition, you need to learn to manage stress. For instance you can start doing meditation or yoga and spend time for your favorite hobby.
  • Avoid using hair styling products such as hair sprays, styling gels, mousses and hair waxes. These products can make the scalp oilier.
  • Try to eat a healthy and well balanced diet that is high zinc, B vitamins and certain types of fats may help prevent dandruff.
  • Enjoy the sun a little bit as sunlight is good for dandruff. There is no need to spend hours in the sun, but spending a little time outdoor can be good.
  • For brushing your hair, always use a natural bristle brush that is medium-stiff. It will improve the blood circulation of the scalp and thus can improve the condition.

Can dandruff be prevented?

It can be difficult to prevent dandruff completely, but it can be controlled. The condition may also improve as you get older.

Treatments for dandruff:

Dandruff can always be controlled, but the treatment needs a little patience and persistence. Here are some treatment options for dandruff:

Specialized Anti-Dandruff Shampoos:

There are many effective anti-dandruff shampoos on the market to control dandruff. There are many over the counter dandruff shampoos that can be used to treat dandruff. These shampoos can be classified into various categories, such as:

Zinc pyrithione shampoos: These shampoos contain the antibacterial and antifungal agent zinc pyrithione, which can reduce the fungus causing dandruff. Some examples are Selsun Salon, Head & Shoulders.

Tar-based shampoos: These shampoos contain coal tar, a byproduct of the coal manufacturing process. Coal tar can help in improving the condition of your scalp. Some examples are Neutrogena T/Gel.

Shampoos containing salicylic acid: These shampoos contain salicylic acid that can also be used to control dandruff. But after using this shampoo you must use a conditioner, otherwise the scalp will become extreme dry. Some examples are Ionil T.

Selenium sulfide shampoos: These shampoos slow your skin cells from dying and may also reduce the fungus that may cause dandruff. You must rinse the shampoo properly after using it as can discolor blond, gray or chemically colored hair. Some examples are Selsun Blue.

Ketoconazole shampoos:Ketoconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent that can be used to control severe kind of dandruff problem. Some examples are Nizoral and Dandrazol.

Well, you have keep on trying the different types of shampoos before coming to the conclusion as which one is best for you. These shampoos must be used daily or every alternate day until the problem is controlled totally. As dandruff can re-occur again, you must not stop using the shampoo totally. It is better to use the shampoo once or twice a week. Always massage the shampoo into the scalp well and then leave the shampoo on for at least five minutes before rinsing it off with water.


There are two types of creams that can help in controlling dandruff. These are cortisone creams and antifungal creams.

Cortisone creams: These creams help in reducing inflammation. These creams are available in the market in either 0.5% or 1% concentrations. Use these creams twice daily for faster results. Also available in scalp lotions, that must be applied once a day on damp hair after shampooing.

Antifungal creams: These creams help in reducing the number of yeast organisms living on the skin. These creams include 1% clotrimazole cream and miconazole cream 2% that must be applied once or twice a day.


For controlling dandruff, there are also a number of specific homeopathic treatments. Many of these treatments are very effective. Homeopathic doctors rely on Arsenicum, sepia, sulfur, mezereum, fluoric ac., graphites, oleander and nartrum mur to treat dandruff.

Relaxation Therapies:

Relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga may help relieve stress, which often causes dandruff.

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Home Remedies for controlling dandruff:

There are many natural ingredients that can also be used to control dandruff. In South Africa, people treat dandruff with a paste made by mixing borax in boiling water of the fresh roots of the wild scabious. 

In some parts of the world, people use essential oils such as cedar wood oil, coconut oil, tea tree oil and so on to treat the problem of dandruff. Also it has been found that washing hair with rubbing alcohol can also help in getting rid of the dandruff. This will make your hair feel soft and clean.

Yogurt is also recommended for treating dandruff. You can use yogurt as a hair conditioner. Simply rub yogurt into the scalp after washing your hair and leave it for 10-15 minutes. Rinse, then wash again, using as mild shampoo as necessary.

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When to see a doctor?

If dandruff symptoms persist or worsen — with severe flaking, itching, scaling or redness, you need to see a doctor for more intensive therapy. A doctor can check on the condition of the scalp and can tell you the exact reason behind the problem. Once the reason is known, then specific treatments can be prescribed by the doctor.


To conclude, dandruff is a global phenomenon and many people find that dandruff can cause social or self-esteem problems. So, it is a good idea not to ignore the problem and get it under control before it is too late.

Complete Medical Guide on Acne

Acne is a very common skin disease that affects around 40 to 50 million Americans (both males and females). This skin problem mostly happens amongst teenagers between the age group of 13 to 18 years old. But at times, people who are in their 20s, 30s, and later also suffer from this problem.

What is acne?

Acne is caused when some kind of blockage is there in the hair follicles present on the surface of the skin. Soon an infection occurs leading to the growth of whiteheads, blackheads, and inflamed pus filled small bumps on top of the skin surface. This results in an acne.  

Main causes of acne

Overproduction of oil (sebum) is the main cause behind the formation of acne. At the same time irregular shedding of dead skin cells resulting in irritation of the hair follicles can also cause acne. Some of the other causes behind acne are:

  • Hormonal changes in the body due to various reasons like menstrual periods, pregnancy or stress that causes more oil production in the skin.
  • Usage of oily cosmetic as well as hair products.
  • Consumption of certain drugs like steroids, testosterone and estrogen.
  • Living in a place where there is high level of humidity.
  • Tendency of sweating too much.
  • Exposure to industrial oils, grease and chemicals.

It is important to known that the problem of acne in no way is caused by some kind of bacteria or fungus.

Symptoms of acne

Acne mostly happens on the face and shoulders. Some people can even have them on other body parts like trunk, buttocks, arms and legs.  Some of the common symptoms of acne are:

  • Skin bumps
  • Cysts
  • Small red bumps
  • Redness around the bumps
  • Pain
  • Formation of pus

Types of acne

Acne can be broadly categorized into two types - mild to moderate acne and severe acne.

Mild to moderate acne spots

Pimples: Pimple is formed when one of the pores on the surface of the skin gets blocked with oil, dirt or dead skin cells and results in a white swollen top. It is also known as whiteheads. The life cycle of a pimple is just few days. It is advisable not to pop a pimple as it can cause infection and permanent scarring.

Blackheads: Blackheads happen when a pore on the surface of the skin is partially blocked. Here the oil, dirt and dead skin cells slowly move to the surface of the skin resulting in a blackhead. Blackheads take longer to form than pimples and also take longer time to clear.

Papules: These are inflamed, red, tender bumps occurred on the surface of the skin without a head. It is advisable not to squeeze a papule as it can lead to permanent scaring.

Pustules: These are inflamed red bumps in round shape with a white or yellow center. They are larger than pimples and need extra care to treat properly.

Severe acne spots

Nodules: Nodules are larger in size and can be quite painful too. When touched, nodules feel like hard bumps under the skin surface. Nodules can last for several months and scarring is common. It is advisable not to pop nodules as it can cause skin damage and a re-occurrence. For treating nodules you need to see a dermatologist.

Cysts: Very similar to nodules in appearance, cysts are pus filled large bumps. Cysts are very painful to touch. Scarring is common with cystic acne. One must not try to squeeze the pus from the cyst as it can cause deeper infection and will take more time to heal.

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Self Care Acne Strategies

Here are certain steps you can take to treat acne:

  • Good skin care routine is a must to prevent acne. It is essential to keep your skin clean. Try to wash the infected area twice daily but there is need to overdo it. This way your skin will remain clean from dirt or make-up particles. To clean the infected area you can use a mild, non-drying soap or a mild face wash and try to handle your skin gently.
  • Along with face you need to also keep your hair clean. For those having oily hair must wash their hair daily. Also keep your hair well combed and pull them off the face and neck, as oil from the hair can worsen the condition of acne.
  • Regularly apply an oil-free moisturizer to maintain the moisture level of your skin. It is not a good idea to keep your skin dry for a longer period of time. Use a light moisturizer every time you wash your face.
  • Buy the correct make-up products. For those suffering from acne must use water-based and oil-free make up products. Avoid wearing makeup which is too heavy as it will clog up your pores. Also you must thoroughly remove the makeup applied during the day before going to bed.
  • Never make the mistake of picking and squeezing pimples as it can lead to skin infection and scarring of the skin too.
  • Try to stay away from stress as it can trigger an outbreak of pimple. While stress may be difficult to control, but you can always try some yoga or meditation to keep your mind diverted from the thing that is causing you stress.
  • Healthy diet is important to keep your body healthy from inside. Avoid eating oily foods and junk items. Go for green vegetables, fresh fruits and drink plenty of water in a day.

Over-the-counter acne medications

At times when you are suffering from acne you need to try some over the counter acne medications. You can apply these products directly to your skin. Some of the medications that you can try are:

Benzoyl Peroxide:

Benzoyl Peroxide can kill the bacteria responsible for acne breakouts. It also helps to unclog pores, remove dead skin cells, controls the production of excess oil and reduces skin inflammation. It can be used in the treatment of non-inflammatory as well as inflammatory acne. Some common brands are:

  • MD Formulations Benzoyl Peroxide 10
  • Proactiv
  • Persa-Gel
  • Benzaderm Gel
  • Clearasil
  • Glytone 10% Benzoyl Peroxide Acne Treatment Gel
  • Oxy-10
  • Fostex

Salicylic Acid:

Salicylic acid is used for acne treatment as it helps in controlling the excessive shedding of dead skin cells. It also opens up blocked skin pores, thus preventing acne breakouts. It is good for non-inflammatory acne. Sometimes it may cause mild skin irritation when applied on the skin but there is nothing to worry about. It is found in lotions, cleansers, and treatment pads. Some common brands are:

  • Oxy Night Watch
  • Noxzema Anti-Acne Gel and Pads
  • Stridex
  • DDF Acne Control Treatment
  • Clearasil Clearstick
  • Olay 7-In-1 Anti-Aging Salicylic Acid Acne Cleanse

Sulfur and Resorcinol:

The combination of sulfur and resorcinol can remove dead skin cells, reduce oil accumulated on the skin and remove blackheads as well as whiteheads. Both these elements can be found in soaps creams, lotions and ointment. Some common brands are:

  • Clearasil Medicated Blemish Stick and cream
  • Glytone Flesh Tinted Acne Lotion
  • Acnomel Vanishing
  • Clearasil Adult Care
  • Rezamid Lotion

Alcohol and Acetone:

Alcohol and acetone are used together to treat acne. Alcohol kills the bacteria that causes acne. On the other hand, acetone removes excess oil accumated on the skin and dirt from the skin. The combination of both these elements can be found in cleansers, toners and astringents. Some common brands are:

  • Seba-Nil Liquid Cleanser
  • Glytone Acne Treatment Toner
  • Tyrosum Liquid Skin Cleanser

Alpha Hydroxy Acid:

Also known as glycolic acid, Alpha Hydroxy Acid can remove dead skin cells. Additionally, it deep cleans the skin pores and improves the skin tone. This element can be found in the form of soaps, lotions and creams. Some common brands are:

  • Murad Post Acne Spot Lightening Gel
  • Neutrogena Advanced Solutions Complete Acne Therapy System
  • DCL Alpha Hydroxy Beta Hydroxy Acne Gel
  • MD Skincare Alpha Beta Daily Face Peel
  • Bliss Change Your Spots(TM) Acne Gel

If you have any problem in choosing these acne products or need any suggestions, then please consult your doctor. These acne products work but different people react to these products differently. Before buying any products make sure to look for one that suits you. Also have patience as your acne will not vanish in a matter of one or two days.

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Home Remedies for Acne

To enjoy a clear and healthy complexion without any ugly sign of acne, you can even try some natural treatments at home. There is an exhaustive list of easily available ingredients that can be used for treating acne. Some of these products include lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, aspirin, honey, milk, and much more!

For example, for treating blackheads you can use milk and lime. Get some fresh warm milk and add the juice of one lime to it. Use this solution to gently wash your face. For those suffering from whiteheads can try raw potato. Take a raw potato slice and rub the infected area with it. The alkaline present in raw potato will kill the bacteria, while the vitamin C will make your skin glow. Same way you can use a raw papaya fruit to treat the pimples on your face.

On the other hand, you can use a natural astringent for deep cleansing your pores. To make the natural astringent you will need mango leaves. Boil the mango leaves in some water and after it comes down to room temperature, rub it gently on your face.

Well, there are many more simple and easy to follow home remedies which are effective in treating the problem of acne. To know more about such simple natural treatments you can visit

As most of the home remedies use natural products there is no need to worry about side effects. But bear in mind that not all the remedies will suit your skin type and your acne problem. Take your time to find the best natural acne treatment that will help you to enjoy a clear and healthy skin.

When to see a doctor or dermatologist

  • Self-care measures and over-the-counter medicines are not showing results
  • You are suffering from severe acne
  • The condition of acne is getting worse
  • There are scars after the acne clears up


Acne is not a serious health problem and can be easily treated. However, acne can have psychological impact on one’s life, and can often cause anxiety and depression. This is why it is essential to get the right treatment for acne as early as possible. You can look for a good dermatologist to set up a treatment plan for your acne. A dermatologist can diagnose acne based on the appearance of the skin and suggest you the best treatments.